If, in some cataclysm, all of scientific knowledge were to be destroyed,
and only one sentence passed on to the next generation of creatures,
what statement would contain the most information in the fewest words?
I believe it is the atomic hypothesis (or the atomic fact, or watever you wish to call it) that all things are made of atoms -- little particles that move around in perpetual motion, attracting each other when they are a little distance apart, but repelling upon being squeezed into one another.
In that one sentence, you will see, is an enormous amount of information about the world, if just a little imagination and thinking are applied.
Richard P. Feynman, Lectures on Physics, vol I, p I-2, 1963.