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Ernest O. Lawrence pioneered the creation of ever greater particle accelerating devices beginning in 1932 [1]. The first cyclotron could actually be held in your hand, today these are giant machines, burried along tens of miles of underground tunnel.

[1] The Production of High Speed Light Ions Without the Use of High Voltages, Ernest O. Lawrence and M. Stanley Livingston, 1932, American Physical Society.

On The Web

It is possible for an amateur, a very dedicated amateur, to build his/her own cyclotron.

Fred's World of Science: Cyclotron II, A high school senior's project (Cached)

amateur cyclotron

More Web Links

The First Cyclotron, American Institute of Physics.
June 1931: Lawrence and the First Cyclotron, American Physical Society.
Ernest Lawrence's Cyclotron: Invention for the Ages, Lawrence Berkeley National Lab
The First Cyclotron, Lawrence Berkeley National Lab
Tevatron, Fermi National Lab.
Who Was Ernest O. Lawrence?, Lawrence Livermore National Lab.
How Atom Smashers Work, How Stuff Works.